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welcome to a new edition of reptil tv. my pretty intro creature today is a black iguana (ctenosaurus similis). what is great and i find interesting is that there used to be lots of them, for they were imported from central america with the green iguanas. at that time, in theory, they had all been caught in the wild and were a cheap buy for terrarium owners. fortunately, in the meantime, their importation has been stopped. however, in the meantime, they were bred, which showed in the price, for they cost a few euros more now. but they are absolutely lovely animals. this one is a handsome male with striped markings. when they are young, they are really green
and then change their colour and become darker, until they become black. if you handle them regularly, they become docile and also develop the typical iguana crest. really lovely little creatures. as i said, for years, it was very difficult to acquire them, because there was a scarcity of them in central america, but now you can find them again, bred in captivity. i wanted to show you that, but today's topic is actually something else. you can see today's topic in my hands. here, i have a pretty reticulated python. from the colour it must be a tiger retic and that is our topic for today. the latin name for the reticulated python is broghammerus reticulatus and it is the longest boa we have.
it grows to 8-9 metres, so evidently no-one has ever found one more than 10 metres long. well then, a good 8 metres is what appears in the records, making it the longest boa. the anaconda, which comes into the category of the largest, has a heavier body structure and is massive, but the reticulated python is longer. that makes it the longest boa in the world. when they reach that size, the animals are 25-30 years old as a rule. i said ' when they reach that length' - the average length is about 4-5 metres. however, in body structure they are somewhat slimmer in comparison with a tiger python, 4-5 metres in length. but nonetheless a majestic animal, which means that today's edition gives you something to watch and lets you enjoy the animals. or, if you have a really large cellar or hobby room and can
provide the animals with a 3-4 metre terrarium, this is obviously a super snake for terrarium fans. a bit more on this animalâ€™s lovely name. it used to be called python reticulatus, but in 2006 raymond hoser renamed it broghammerus reticulatus. at that time, raymond hoser realised that the reticulated python and the timor python did not belong in the python group, since they are not a close enough relative of e.g. python regius, so he renamed them broghammerus. he did me a great honour in giving them this name. since then, people have made a fuss, asking how can this lovely snake be named after the reptile handler, broghammer . this really bothers some people, whether they be
scientists or terrarium owners and they get really worked up about it. this is also because raymond hoser himself is not a scientist, but he has done a lot of scientific work on reptiles. he is also very good in the area of australian snakes and has investigated and observed many australian snakes. however, he works mainly as a taxi driver and is also a bit eccentric - a really special type. this does not please many people and at the moment, attempts are being made to change the name again. now it has been re-named malayopython, although that is not scientifically correct, for if it was once called broghammerus and that was correct, that is the end of it. and that is correct. in 2008 it was confirmed by dna analyses by british biologists. so in 2008, they confirmed once more
that what hoser did was correct and therefore broghammerus must be and remain its name. i hope that it will remain, for i am obviously proud of it. and of course, i get annoyed when yet more attacks are launched on it, but i have to live with that. now we leap from the long saga about the name to the range. the range is as huge as the story i have just told. the reticulated python lives everywhere in south east asia. its habitat starts at the pakistan frontier in the east and then spreads over all the south-east asian islands. this includes indonesia and the malayan peninsula. the whole habitat ranges right up towards china.
an interesting feature is that the range is shared in many areas with the tiger python. there are territories where only the reticulated python occurs, so it seems a little more adaptable than the tiger python. i would like to know the cause of this distribution, why there are areas in which only reticulated pythons live and in other territories tiger pythons and reticulated pythons live together. it would be really interesting to know the reason. well, it seems to be an adaptation artist, to be able to survive in such a huge territory. now we come to how to keep them. as i have already said, they are huge creatures, but they start out small. that means that, to start with, the breeding terrarium should measure 1 metre. this is important,
for these are tropical animals, which need high air humidity and temperatures. they need about 30-32 degrees during the day over the whole terrarium and not just a warm spot at 30 degrees. the air in the terrarium should be 30-31 degrees. at night, the overall temperature cools down to 24-26 degrees. so the terrarium must be heated at night as well, for they need a tropical climate. make sure the air humidity is constant by putting in a water basin, moist substrate and moss. hiding places with moss are also important, for the animals need 50-80% air humidity. this is difficult to achieve, however, the air humidity must be as high as possible and then the animals feel comfortable. the reticulated python is a ground-dweller, although they are skilled climbers,
which you can see from their slim bodies. therefore, you should provide it with opportunities for climbing, so that it can lie in the fork of a branch or lie on a raised shelf. generally, as a rule of thumb, the state prescribes how large the terrarium must be. the guidelines for keeping a reticulated python prescribe a size of 0.7 x 0.5 x 0.5 body length. that means that if your snake is 1.30 m long, it must measure 0.7 times body length wide, 0.5 long and the same in height. so obey these animal management regulations and, as i said, it is really important for you to maintain the tropical climate. a very important point is that the reticulated python seems uncannily intelligent. they are very alert and notice everything going on around them.
among themselves, they are either very social or not at all social. on no account must you keep several males together. there is definitely no boa, probably scarcely any other snake, that interacts so much with others of its species as the reticulated pythons do. if you have two males in one terrarium, they hunt each other. they bite each other's tail and try to hunt the male, which is disturbing them, but the animals cannot escape from each other in a terrarium. therefore, it is important that you don't keep several males together. the females tolerate each other very well and you can also put a male in with them. however, during the mating season, this can cause some action, too. in my opinion, their social behaviour develops amazingly quickly.
now we come to handling the animals. this is a small ambon. ambon is an island in the moluccas in indonesia. this ambon is supposed to remain rather smaller. i wanted to show you this lovely animal, but we are talking about handling. when reticulated pythons are handled from when they are young, they are relatively docile. everything is relative. i would say that the reticulated python, in contrast to the royal python or the tiger python or the boa constrictor is not quite so "idiot-proof". they can become quite tame, so that they can be handled without problems. but they can be really moody and also relatively - how can i put it - i don't want to say unpredictable, but relatively temperamental. you can handle it and everything is super and suddenly something upsets it and it just bites. as i said, i think reticulated pythons are
relatively intelligent and possibly that is the trigger. they just say suddenly, 'i've had enough'. and then they begin to bite. i've no idea what causes this. i have an abiding memory. i used to have a customer, a snake dancer, who performed her dances with snakes. she always wanted a reticulated python and i found one for her and she was happy with the reticulated python. on one occasion as she performed, the reticulated python bit into her dress and she had to leave the stage with the python clinging to her dress. that is typical for a reticulated python, for it is not suitable for such capers and it is not suitable for children or someone inexperienced to handle.
with a large animal i would always make sure that its head is not near my face, in case it bites. they are beautiful, calm animals, but when handling them, you must definitely be careful. the bite is very painful, for they have very long teeth. the prey spectrum includes birds and rodents. they need the long teeth to hold fast the prey. now we come to the topic of feeding. a large lad like this eats large animals, so it is good if you have hares. it can be fed on hares, rabbits or guinea pigs. you feed depending on the snake. this one is a large male, which as you see is also relatively slim. every 4 to 8 weeks, he is given one or two hares.
the females need to eat a lot. if i want to breed from them, they have to be fed almost every week and the same applies to juveniles. this is the same for the other boas. offer an animal food once a week, for when the animals are growing, that is definitely the right feeding interval. if it is kept individually and you don't want to breed from it, irrespective of which sex, you can make the interval longer, up to 2-5 weeks. however, this is only if you are not breeding from it, otherwise feed it frequently. the water basin must always contain fresh water, firstly, so that the animals can drink and secondly, because reticulated pythons like to bathe. especially in winter, when it is dry. here, we see a few remains of skin hanging on him. a large water basin is then
to be recommended. i believe that they often spend time in water in the wild. and then you have looked after your animal to perfection. as already discussed, reticulated pythons have on the one hand a decently large head, as you can see, and on the other they have a decent bite. i shall try to get it to open its mouth, so that we can see. generally, i do not like getting animals to open their mouths just to show the teeth. in this case, i should like to do so, because i have talked about it. and they do have an impressive bite. now everything we breed in terrariums comes in various colour morphs.
the large animal that i was holding a little while ago is a citrus albino. this one is a completely ruddy, natural coloured reticulated python. i think that the animal's natural colours are fantastic and have a lovely pattern. when you look, you see that in the fashion industry bags, shoes and other items have a reticulated python pattern in 90% of cases. i hope that those are not genuine leather. of all the boas, the reticulated python has the loveliest pattern and colouring. but, as i said, it also occurs in various colour forms. there are recessive citrus albinos, like the one we have just seen. then there is the lavender albino, which, as the name says, looks more lavender in colour.
there are also piebalds, absolutely beautiful animals. then there is caramel and others, which i can't recall at the moment. you are sure to know some of them. here, we dazzle you with photos of still more colour morphs. then there are the co-dominant morphs. right at the beginning, we saw the tiger retic. it is a co-dominant colour morph. the super form is the super tiger, which is striped lengthways. then there is the platinum and the super form of the platinum. these animals are completely white and they also look gigantic, of course. they are not yet bred in so many colours as the royal python, but there are already some absolutely impressive animals.
apart from the colour morphs, everyone is talking about this dwarf or super dwarf. there are island populations, where the animals remain significantly smaller. significantly smaller does not mean 1-2 metres, but at least 2-3 metres total length. broghammerus reticulatus jampeanus is described as a sub-species. this is an island population native to the sulawesi area. these animals remain significantly smaller, like this one here. it is one and a half or two years old and is clearly below the size of a normal animal, which would be significantly larger at this age. this one is also a colour variant, an albino tiger dwarf. the good thing about the dwarf animals is that they are much easier to keep.
i have no difficulty in keeping an animal 2-3 meters long in the terrarium, in contrast to the large normal animals. and that is the direction things are taking at the moment. breeders are trying to breed these dwarf populations in all the other colours. there is a lot of breeding behind these lovely colours. the reticulated python is bred regularly in large numbers, since it is well suited to this. the breeding pairs are stimulated by a reduction in temperature during the winter months. this means that the temperature is lowered by 2 degrees for 6 to 8 weeks and that stimulates the male. it also makes the female ready to mate. the female lays the eggs 3-4 months later. depending on the size of the animal,
they also lay relatively large clutches, which can be between 20-60 eggs. a young female lays about 20 eggs, a really gigantic female lays more than 60 or 70 eggs. the eggs themselves are unusually large, at least as large as my fist. the incubation period is longer than for most pythons; i donâ€™t know whether that has to do with the size of the eggs. so, they need about 70-80 days at 32-33 degrees until the juveniles hatch. as usual, at the end, i always draw your attention to good literature. unfortunately, there are almost no books on reticulated pythons, or rather there is one book "der netzpython" by karsten wã¶llner. i would recommend this as ok, for karsten wã¶llner is well-known in germany as a reticulated python breeder. at the beginning of his book, he describes the name broghammerus as somewhat cumbersome, which
does not endear him to me, but i can live with it. the book is ok. it talks about reticulated pythons and contains lovely pictures. have a look at it or buy the book for yourself. unfortunately, there is really nothing else. it would perhaps be a good thing if you felt inclined to write a good reticulated python book. otherwise, we have reached the end of the programme, so stay loyal and check out my films and check on the lovely reticulated pythons.