wohnzimmer bilder afrika
welcome to episode 103 of reptiltv here is my intro animal for today, an african savannah monitor this one is a colour variation, a ghost, or a sort of hypomelanistic a nice animal, rather sharp claws otherwise a really lovely animal, if you look at all the colours i think itâ€™s fantastic; i call it a new discovery that this savannah monitor can have such incredibly lovely colours there are breeding farms in africa and there all sorts of crazy colours hatch out. that was a quick look for today; we want to make a programme on it, including the colour variations.
so that was just a little something to attract your attention but today we have a quite different theme i am often asked, in e-mails and face-to-face "stefan, i want to start breeding snakes, what is your advice?" so that is the theme of today's show of course, we have exaggerated a little with the title it is unlikely that snake breeding will turn us all into millionaires. at least i have not managed that, so far of course, i'll keep my fingers crossed that you make your million, but it is unlikely that's why the title exaggerates a trifle, but it does give a bit of background
we are all agreed that we keep terrariums as a hobby and are enthralled by the animals, but we also want to breed them. it is also natural, when i breed something, to want something which will sell well, so that i don't have a whole crowd of juveniles, but can pass them on and if i can get a nice lot of cash for this, that is naturally even better. therefore i am often asked: "stefan, what should i breed? what is worthwhile breeding?" to answer that you really have to be clairvoyant. there are various factors on which it depends. one factor, or an important factor is, what will be wanted next season?
breeding, so to speak begins one year in advance what you want to breed next year or at least one year in advance, depending on the size of the animals, when you buy them so you need to look ahead to predict what will be in demand. there are things which go on being popular, such as piebald and clown. recessive features are evergreens: you can breed those, without needing to see too far into the future. then there are things, where it is almost more a case of luck on one hand, you can breed something very few people are breeding in that year that is, of course, lucky for you, if you are one of the few who, for example, are breeding black head combos in that year and no-one has black combos; then they will sell well,
but you really cannot predict that. then there are factors where someone else is breeding something quite spectacular a good example at the moment is the bb balls, which have been around for years. the barkers bred these and have brought them up for years no-one was the least bit interested in them; they were lovely a few people tried to breed them. they tried to breed increasingly dark, almost black animals they look really nice last year someone bred it as albino, albino bb balls then along came this wonderful red and white animal
this is actually the first real red and white royal python in our hobby the thing went on internet and received hundreds of "likes" and so on. something like that is a sensation. when you are the lucky person who has bred bb balls for years and suddenly up pops an animal like this, then, of course, you are the number one. then people beat a path to your door and want all your bb balls, which for years have not interested them. all because of one spectacular animal this can happen with other things. some new combo or other, or in the highways, for example something new is breed with the highway; that resulted, for example, in the pastel highway.
or when something new and super cool is bred and the images are broadcast on the net and by chance that is what you have, then you are really in luck. let's begin with the low budget methods one good, absolutely affordable way is to buy yourself something with hetero in it. we know, or we have learnt from previous episodes, that hetero is recessive. therefore i need a hetero pair, for example, of hetero pied i buy a pair of hetero pied, a male and a female and mate them.
at the moment, a hetero pied pair costs rather more than 100 euros, and so i can breed piebalds for just over 100 euros. or i can go a bit further: for example, this is a black headed piebald. i find myself a male; they are always a little cheaper than the females. i find myself a male black head hetero for pied and a female hetero for pied, mate them and out comes a black head piebald like this one. as i said, black head hetero male for piebalds, plus hetero female for piebald gives a black head piebald, which is a really spectacular, handsome and "worthwhile" animal.
or a similar variant; down here i have a killerbee clown. killerbee clown is the pastel bumblebee clown. these i can breed for myself with heteros. i need a bumblebee hetero for clown as the male, for example, and a pastel hetero for the clown female; this costs around 300 euros. in this way, i can breed a killerbee clown of course, not all the eggs from the clutch hatch out as killerbee clown. but a certain proportion hatch into a spectacular animal, which is still worth more than 1,000 euros. therefore, i can make interesting mixtures with heteros and achieve great results.
then, having begun by spending a really modest amount, i find myself with really high-level animals. breeding with heteros is also real fun. when i mate one thing with another and something else comes out, something completely different in the heteros, that is a great feeling of success and for me that is the number one piece of advice on how to breed really well with really low financial expense. my second piece of advice is exactly the opposite of the low budget story, which i have just explained. it is the most expensive possibility of truly earning money. in this method, you start right at the top, by paying through the nose for a male.
and now we are coming to the point: in "normal" animals the females are more expensive than the males. in the really expensive animals, at the moment sunset or this banana/coral glows, the males are much more expensive and the reason for that is that you can start with a really expensive male; for example, a sunset male costs about 30,000 euros you breed with it. if i feed a male in the normal way, that is to say once a week,... it is sexually mature within one year. in other words, at the end of one year i can breed with my male and then, as the case may be, mate it with up to 7 females.
a realistic figure would be 5-6 females, which means 5-6 clutches, which i can produce with my expensive male. in the case of a sunset, pure heteros hatch. but to round off the calculation properly, a hetero sunset pair currently costs about 7,000 - 8,000 euros. so, if you bought a sunset male last year and last year they still cost 30,000 - 35,000 euros, and then you fed it for one year, mated it with 5-6 females, you now have 6 clutches, each with 6 eggs, which makes 36 babies.
in arithmetical terms that makes 18 pairs, each at 7,000 euros. that comes to somewhere near 100,000 euros in value. you have invested 35,000 - 40,000 euros and have thus roughly trebled your money. really simple arithmetic. there are, however, several factors, which are not simple. if you buy a sunset male at a high price and six months later it "ends up in the freezer" for some reason or other - "to end up in the freezer" is pure insider slang. if a male dies for some reason or another, then you have lost your 40,000 euros, you can claim on insurance for your dead animal or something, or you can claim from the seller six months later, but he will be entitled to shrug his shoulders. these things can happen of course. we are agreed that a royal python is an absolutely robust animal.
nothing goes wrong and if they are well cared for, they are completely problem-free. but there is a risk, or there are other risks. royal pythons take feeding gaps. you buy your male, he eats for 3-4 months and suddenly he takes a 6 months' feeding gap. mating season arrives and your male is still not sexually mature. you wait another year and do not have your babies until the end of two years. that is definitely another factor. or the male, this one i have here is a good example. this year i have a large sunset male, or the first season, when i have a large sunset maleâ€¦ for months on end he simply did not want to mate. i put him in with females and he just did not mate.or the first season, when i have a large sunset maleâ€¦
for months on end he simply did not want to mate. i put him in with females and he just did not mate. i thought, i'm going mad. my most expensive male has simply not mated. but it can happen. there are several factors which make it less easy than i had calculated. a second good example is the bananas. a few years ago, 4-5 years ago they cost 40,000 dollars or euros. people invested in bananas, paid a lot of money for them and a year later they were worth only 10,000 euros then everyone said, oh the poor souls, they paid 40,000 euros and now the snakes cost only 10,000 euros. nevertheless, when the people with the bananas bred them, they earned good money. even if a year later i get paid only 10,000 euros for the baby. banana is co-dominant.
take the earlier calculation: 6 clutches make 36 eggs. half of those are bananas, so i have 18 bananas. unfortunately, they now sell for only 10,000 euros. 18 x 10,000 euros are 180,000 euros i bought the male for 40,000 euros; that is still a really good profit. even one year later, they no longer cost 10,000 euros, they now cost only 3,000 euros. but even then: 18 animals at 3,000 euros, the money paid is still very nice. in theory, the investment plan works out. the important point is that you have to enter the market at the very top to start with. only then can you really earn. because if you now buy a banana male at 400 euros and breed with it, you will definitely not become a millionaire. now we come to group 3, which i think is the most exciting variant and the way we will become millionaires quickly.
in this case, we use possible heteros. first of all, there is a great deal of trust involved in possible heteros. you can only breed possibles yourself, or buy them from someone you really know well and trust to sell you possibles that really are possibles. possible means that the animal is not sure to be hetero. you obtain a possible by mating a hetero with a normal animal. i return to the sunsets to give an example. my sunset career also began with heteros. i had a pair of hetero sunsets. i took the hetero male in order to breed other possible heteros.
if i mate a hetero male with a normal animal, the result is 50% hetero. in other words, every second animal is hetero. not every animal is hetero, but only every second animal. i donâ€™t really know which are the hetero animals, because it is impossible to look at the animal and see where the genetics are hidden. and now we come to the crux of the matter. there are so-called markers, which show whether the animal is hetero or not. here in my hand i have a hetero piebald. it is the best, classic example. the pieds have this so-called pied marker. it is always here at the back towards the end of the tail, not every animal has it
but 8 out of 10 have this marker; it is always a bit like a triangle. similar to the rings we had earlier, the pattern rises up a little; that is a pied marker. a good example from the usa, steve roussies made many trials with hetero pied. steve roussies is the largest breeder in the usa and works a lot with piebald. he has worked a lot with heteros and possible heteros and has had a hetero male. he mated a female with it; they were possible heteros. he mated the female again and i think, from the knowledge i now have he probably chose the possibles for which he had the greatest hope.
he selected them by means of the markers, bred again with them and built up his piebald empire. to mention a few more markers, this champagne is hetero for ultramel. if that were a possible, you could assume that it is hetero ultramel, because this hetero ultramel resembles a champagne, and those of you who have a champagne in your mind's eye, know what a champagne looks like. this hetero ultramel makes the champagne simply lovelier; it brings out the colours more distinctly. there is a more attractive yellow in there. these more attractive colours are because of the hetero ultramel. biologically, that does not make much sense, but it simply is like that.
hetero ghost, hetero caramel and hetero ultramel babies always have more attractive colours. you can see this very well with spider. a spider hetero ghost is always more attractive that a "normal" spider which is not a hetero ghost therefore, with the possible heteros you can also try to look at the colour and say, this one is probably hetero and that one probably not. this is not 100% certain, but the probability does increase, that this is correct. if someone offers you 6 animals and says, 50% of these are possible heteros, then you can think 3 are heteros, 3 are not heteros. which 3 are more likely and which 3 are less likely? you can test it. to come back to my expensive sunset example, here i have a pinstripe, which i bred from the sunset male i have been talking about.
i mated the hetero sunset with pinstripe and have obtained pinstripe possible hetero sunset. to my mind this one is a pinstripe hetero sunset. or i believe that it is, because it has slightly more attractive, lighter colours. all my heteros for sunset, especially if i look at my adult animals, all of them have a slightly copper tone in their colouring. in this way, i can try to pick out the possible heteros, to find where the chances are quite good and where in another case the chances are simply poorer. to show this more clearly: here in my left hand is the pinstripe, which i showed you just now. therefore, they are both possible hetero sunset.
in comparison, they come from the same clutch, or at least from the same father. i am not quite sure that they came from one clutch, but at least from the same father. in my opinion, the one in my left hand is the more promising. the nuances are minimal, when you compare their colours. this one somehow has better colours. what do we mean by "better"? a bit stronger, a bit more copper-coloured. in my opinion, this one is rather less coloured. if i have to choose between the two, then i would say, the chances seem significantly higher that this one is hetero and this one is a non-hetero sunset.
so, simply compare them many of you who are watching are not royal python breeders, or do not have sunsets in front of you, will now say, "what is broghammer going on about now?" they both look more or less the same, down to a few spots. but they have minimal differences in colour and the royal python insiders will understand what i mean. and so i think the chances are greater for this one. and in case i have not irritated you enough with my possible hetero sunsets, now i'll give you the rest. these three are all 50% possible hetero sunsets contrasted once more with three natural coloured. this is from one or two clutches.
but that is the way it is. you see three animals and have to decide for which one is there a higher chance, in which one a lower chance. if you take a look at these here, which would you pick? to reveal the secret, as i see it: in my opinion, the middle one is not hetero. the two outer ones are, or i would assume that we are lucky and that these are hetero sunsets. i put them more closely against each other the outer ones look slightly different. the middle one looks like a classic royal python, with a bright yellow in there. but the outer ones have rather more of the copper colour, in my opinion.
as i said, the differences are minimal. but if i had to choose, i would keep these two animals and i would sell this one as normal. and i would bet that there could be sunset in these two. to make it absolutely clear once more, this is still an issue of possibility. so no-one can say that these are quite certain. but the probability is greater. when you are given possibles or want to begin with them, you can look at images, make really exact comparisons and select those where you see the greatest chance. this way you can increase a 50% chance, which is what it is in fact,
significantly and have a higher probability another little tip on the whole possible issue we know that the females need one further year to grow. a good strategy is to buy several possible females in one year and one year later buy a 100% hetero male, for example a sunset male. the hetero males, as we and the insiders know, are less expensive anyway and in the following year they become even less expensive. if i go about it like that, i know that my male is 100% hetero. i can mate this male with 2-4 possible females, which i have acquired.
even if they are only 50% possible without making a rough selection of the likely ones, in theory, every second female is hetero and so i can expect sunset progeny from every second sunset female. if i made an even better choice, then my chances are somewhat higher. you can do this, if you acquire the females as babies and then buy the male a year later. a 100% hetero male, and a further year later you can mate them. i would wager now that two years later you have your sunset babies, and with really low financial outlay. with something really expensive like this one here you still have to invest several hundred to a few thousand euros.
but this will give you a project in which you breed animals which cost umpteen thousand euros and i am sure the project will be successful for you. now we come to another possible story in the last 1-2 years, we have had lots of these poss gravels. this one in my right hand is a so-called possible gravel. if you have a highway, either male or female, and breed from it, usually you breed highway with yellow belly or ivory. let me start the other way round: a highway is the product of yellow belly and gravel yellow belly and gravel produce this spectacular highway
if i now breed again with the highway, i obtain half of the babies of each, in other words, the mother passes on to half the babies the yellow belly gene and the gravel gene to the other half. that means that if i mate a gravel male with a yellow belly female i obtain highway babies, i obtain ivory babies and i obtain babies which look like yellow belly or gravel. so, a yellow belly and a gravel actually look the same, but are somewhat different genetically. yellow belly with yellow belly produces ivory white or ivory-coloured animals
gravel with gravel produces super gravel and gravel with yellow belly gives highway in principle i want the gravel; i don't want the yellow belly but the relatively expensive gravel. but, as i said, babies which are possible gravel can come from this mating. this means that the animal is 50% a yellow belly or 50% a gravel. these are sold at much lower prices than the gravels and cost a couple of hundred euros. so i can acquire 2-4 animals and am more or less certain that every second animal is a gravel. i can then mate these and from them breed super gravel or highway. in the worst case, if it is only a yellow belly, i still have ivory.
this is a method to use if i want to pay the still high prices to start a highway project; i can resolve the problem with several possible gravel females, which in this case i don't have; it is a trick for telling them apart. i am often asked how i tell the difference between yellow belly and gravel. i can't. i used to think there is evidence, but actually i don't know of any; it is a purely fifty-fifty issue. that is to say, i buy 2-3 females and mate them with a gravel male or yellow belly male or with a poss gravel male, and then i have a 50% chance of the result being something spectacular.
now we come to variant 4 this is also a really exciting way, possibly the most speculative of all those we have discussed. with the possible and heteros there is always a 50% chance. variant 4 is the africa odd-balls the whole idea is to breed something completely new. this is becoming increasingly difficult and with royal pythons there is almost nothing which does not already exist. in the last few years there have been few things which were really new. but there are always new things and even spectacular new things.
here in my hand i have a fefe-ball, also called autumn gloss. it must be said at this moment that this has been a poor investment, for unfortunately it did not work. the whole thing seems not to be genetic; we unfortunately had no luck with this investment plan. we just had lovely, normal babies. but nothing which looked like this parent animal. this is how it looks at the moment; we can still try to mate back or we could try other things, but the chances remain relatively poor. it is just like that with the africa animals: odd-balls come from africa and they cost high or low prices i can select where i think i have a chance that there is something else in there. i mate this and with many things it may be necessary to find the suitable counterpart.
to give an example from my own experience, i had this creme ball, which i had bred a few years previously and which had then proved to be genetic. this creme with butter looked great, it produced butter creme really a lovely, interesting animal i mated the animal one year later with banana and thought that the highlight would be banana creme. but it was almost impossible to see this in the banana. therefore, for the new things you often have to find the suitable counterpart with which it succeeds. the yellow belly is a good example. mated with pastel, the pastel looks more attractive, but nothing much has really changed.
if i mate a yellow belly with a yellow belly, with a gravel, with puma and so on there is a moment of revelation and something spectacular emerges it is like that with the africa odd animals as well. you have to test as super form, you have to mate back. if i mate the gene together, what will emerge? the whole thing is just like gambling. if i am unlucky, nothing emerges and i have wasted my time. if i am lucky, something spectacular emerges and i have possibly invested a couple of hundred euros and bred a new morph, which then suddenly becomes worth a couple of thousand or some tens of thousands of euros. that is definitely possible.
probably the secret is to spread more widely, to buy several of the africa odds and thus, the more animals i try out, the higher, of course, are the chances that something emerges. that is variant 4. the africa odds and the quite new mutations. now you know how to become a millionaire. if you succeed, let me have a little of it, donate to reptiltv. no, most probably nothing will come of it. or rather, that is more or less what i want to make explicit. if we are talking here about animals and valuable animals, every animal is valuable, even a classic royal python is valuable, is fabulously lovely.
what we have been talking about has nothing at all to do with the value of the animal as a living being. of course, we have been talking about money; we deliberately started the broadcast with the millionaire idea. it is intended simply to help to take a look at the whole thing, but please do not use it against me. as usual at the end a reference to good literature. there is my royal python book. the german version is sold out, but there are a few english copies left. the whole thing is an introduction, a cookery book as to what you can breed. i take this opportunity to call on you. a new edition of the book is in progress. it will appear in late 2017 or at the end of 2017. this means i am collecting photos, i am collecting new information
if you have anything interesting, either information or photos, some new morph or other, if you have bred something new, have an attractive picture, please send me a pm or an e-mail, saying "stefan, i have bred this or that new thing" or, "stefan, there is a totally new morph that can be included" i look forward to it, it would be super, and everything will be included in the book. your name will of course be given, that goes without saying. that provides a little advertising for you. so send me anything you have. we have reached the end; stay loyal, check my balls and lots of luck in becoming millionaires! last but not least a personal message for jã¶rg.
he is the person with the job of doing all the subtitles for reptiltv. he does the german subtitles; he has to write everything out, everything i jabber on about. then it can be translated into english, chinese and who knows what else - into all the language we have the subtitles translated into. jã¶rg, you gave me this great t-shirt with mental leap world champion on it and convoluted sentence king on the back. you are right, that's me. many people have told me so. today i have honestly tried not to make any mental leaps and convoluted sentences, but i don't think i was totally successful.
so, you'll have to make the convoluted mental leaps into proper subtitles; have fun with it! now we come to my suggestion (i don' understand what you are saying, flo) other side, up here your hair's hanging down, it always hangs crooked so what! it's fine like that. which are correct in my opinion ... now it's defecating again, that's a pity it's something for the out-takes and with another the chances are simply poorer look at what is coming out
yes, hurrah. oh, up to then you were doing so well, weren't you? extremely long, but.... but that was good! good night at eight o'clock...